GMC CCKW353

American truck GMC CCKW353 was the primary means of tactical transport in the US Army during II World War II. Known as „Jimmy” or „deuce-and-half” was in use on virtually all fronts on which battles were fought.

As the market demand for vehicles of this type was not rated too high by the board of GMC, therefore they do not anticipated large orders and the corresponding capacity was reserved. What’s most interesting production capabilities GMC in the USSR were evaluated on the same level as the entire automotive industry in our eastern neighbor.

Widely known military model has been implemented into mass production in January 1941, which reached a phenomenal amount of copies produced. These cars are designated as „type COE – Cabine Over Engine” (with English. Cab over engine). In September 1941, a contract was signed for the production of trucks with another motor housing and the engine cab was shifted. This gave better weight distribution on the axles and improved the useful properties. Needed was a transfer of production to other companies because of high demand – in connection with the manufacturing documentation was sent to the plant Studebaker Corp. of America.

In 1943, production in factories GMC was continuous for 24 hours a day, and every new car left the production line every four minutes. The plants GMC produced for the needs of the army models ACKWX-353, AFWX-354, CCKW-352 and CCKW-353. These were civilian models with platforms with sides for transporting people and cargo. Models CCKW-352 and CCKW-353 differed in the frame with a different base, respectively 145 and 162 inch.

Weight of transported cargo risen to 3 tons in the model ACKWX-353, the other three models have a load capacity of 2.5 tonnes. Model CCKW-353 had all three axles drive.

All models produced by the GMC had a power transmission mechanism in the form of demultiplier. Some models have a front mounted winch. All GMC models are equipped with the standard US Army towing capacity (hooks and other equipment). Truck CCKW-353 was powered by GMC 270 with 140 hp, being able to travel at the speed of 45 miles / hr. with a maximum mass 5175 kg. For driving on roads front-wheel drive could be disabled.

In 1943, an open cabin has become the standard of production, which is made to simplify the production and in the context of resource saving. Many cars of this type with the previous model, a closed cabin was converted to a modest standard.

Basic models varieties of transport were equipped with one of three types of platforms: entirely of steel, steel with wooden side boards and a completely wooden. Each of these three types of platforms have folding bench that can take up to sixteen fully-equipped soldiers or could be used to carry the load.

In addition, Standard frame in place of the platform can be equipped with any of a number of body styles including in special equipment to carry bombs, tipper, equipment for the transport of livestock, tanks for fuel or water and transporter with lift (to operate the aircraft). They assembled the body type van with specialized equipment, eg. Mobile workshops, blood banks, repair shops, artillery wagons or communication.

GMC truck was used massively by the Allied forces on the Western Front, as well as by the Red Army on the Eastern Front. These vehicles went to the USSR by sea under contract Lend-Lease.
A total of over 800 thousand. these cars, of which plants GMC 562 750 copies.

Engine: type GMC 270, petrol, straight, 6-cylinder, OHV, liquid-cooled
The power supply system: carburetors, naturally aspirated,
Displacement: 4420 cc
Maximum power 102 hp at 2,750 rpm
Gearbox: mechanical
Type of drive: the engine positioned longitudinally in the front, 6 × 6
Tyres: 7.5 × 20 ”
Length: CCKW 3520 – 5865 mm (6220 mm with winch)
Length: CCKW 3530 – 6509 mm (6864 mm with winch)
Width: 223.5 cm
Height: 236.2 cm
Wheelbase: CCKW 3520 – 3683 mm
Wheelbase: CCKW 353 – 4166 mm
Ground clearance: 250 mm
Weight: CCKW 352 – 4695 kg
Weight: CCKW 353 – 4785 kg
Fuel tank capacity: 151 l
Maximum speed: 72 km / h (on the highway)
Range: 480 km
Gradeability: 54°